Deputy, again thx.. and I'm not arguing, just trying to understand.
I agree 100% with the mechanics you posted using a 2 man system, but what you posted didn't really tell the proper mechanics for a defensive player attempting to make a play but misses the bag. they were about the defense actually catching and touching the base
In your 1st post you give examples from the 2021 Umpire Manual saying that "Umpires should say “SAFE” while giving the safe signal when a runner beats the ball to a base on a force out attempt and likewise say “OUT” while giving an out signal when the ball beats the runner to the base.
In my scenario the ball actually never beat the runner to the base because the throw was off line.
This is a different scenario, but to me the same result. If the play was at 1st base and the runner is about 5ft from the bag, the throw to the 1st baseman was wide pulling him off the bag, would you make a safe call immediately or would you wait for the defender to try to re-tag the bag and then judge whether the runner beat him to the bag, and if he didn't you would have to reverse your original safe call?
as far as the runner being put in jeopardy for no safe call, I believe just the opposite, by calling safe you have told the defense they missed the bag, and that would definitely put the runner in jeopardy, also the runner SHOULD ALWAYS proceed to the next base until he hears an out call.